Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nalbari

KVK Nalbari

Nalbari district in the state of Assam is 24 years old, being carved out from the erstwhile Kamrup district in 1985. Located strategically in the lower Brahmaputra valley of Assam, the district is a melting pot of people, cultures and traditions. Flanked by the mighty river Brahmaputra on its southern fringes and the foothills of Baksa district towards its northern end, the district represents diversity in agro-climatic and geographical situations. An introductory profile of the district is summarized in a nutshell in this chapter.

Geographical feature

   Nalbari district is located in central western part of Assam state between 910 07’E and 910 47’ E longitudes and 260N and 5805’N latitude. The mean elevation of the district is 89 m above msl. The district headquarter Nalbari is located about 75 km away from the state capital Guwahati and is linked with both road and rail network. The district is characterized by almost plain topography with a gentle slope from north towards south, ending in newly built up char land and the river Brahmaputra. The total geographical area of the district is 98428.59 ha. To the north, the district shares its boundary with the newly created Baksa district while the southern boundary of the district is flanked by the Brahmaputra river. The eastern boundary of the district is shared by Kamrup district while Barpeta district is located on the western boundary.

Historical and Religious Landmarks

Hari Mandir : Built in 1965 within Nalbari town on land donated by Raybahadur Pratap Narayan Choudhury, The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. In 1968 the Puaj Mandab was built with financial help from Lt. Damahuram  Mahajan. The new Math was constructed from 1976 to 1985. The temple is unique throughout Assam because of the annual Ras festivel celebrated here in the month of November since 1946 with much pomp and gaiety.

Billeswar Temple :  Believed  to have been built 500 years ago, is dedicated mostly to Lord Krishna are also worshipped. As the legend goes, a priest once had a cow who refused to be milked. Upon following the cow, the priest found that the cow gave milk on a bush of “virina” (type of grass). When the king came to know about it he got the place dug and found a Shiva Kinga on that spot. A temple was built which was first called Birreswar or God or Virina, then Billeswar and now Belsor. Nowadays Belsor is a developed village  with easy accessibility to Nalbari, the district headquarter. Throughout ages this temple has attracted many devotees and received royal patronage, including the Ahom King, Lakshmi Singha, who rebuilt the temple after devastating natural calamity.

Shripur Dewalay Mandir :  This temple is said to have been built by Ahom King, Sib Singha (1718-1744) and as legend foes, part of body of sati or Parvati fell here. The annual Durga Puja and Kali Puja is celebrated with pompt grandeur by the Assamese and the Tribals.

Daulashal Temple : This temple is situated at Daulashal, a village at the extreme south-west of the district. In ancient times a huge doul or temple and near it a canal (khal) and so the place was called is “Daulakhal” and later “Daulashal”. The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna and his brother Balaram and has been witness to many glorious chapters of Assam history in particular the Mughal invasions to Assam.

Bagheswari DewalaySituated at  Adabari, Mukalmua P/S. Though it is not known as to who built the temple, yet because of its super power, the Ahom King, Kamleswar Singha patronized this temple. Even today, the temple draws many devotees to pray to Goddess Durga, its main deity.

Jaypal Than : Said to have been discovered by a cow named “Kapali” during the reign of Ahom King Sib Singha (1718-1744), most of the temple is now below ground because of earthquake. It is located 13 KM away from District Head Quarter .

Basudev Devalay : This temple built by Ahom King Sib Singha (1718-1744). The local folklore says that once a fisherman was fishing in Jaymangal Beel and for seven days he could not remove the fishing net. On the seventh day, a local fourth Gada Kahar had a dream in which Lord Basudeb appeared and asked him to be released from the fishing net. Upon reaching the beel, Gada found two large stones in the fishing net. When Sib Singha heard this story he came to Balikoria and tried to take away the stones but failed and so he built a temple there. In 1759 his brother, Rajeshwar Singha donated 64 Bighas of land to the temple. And since past festivals like Douljatra, Janmasthami, Sivaratri are being celebrated here.

 Places of Tourist Interest

Ganga Pukhuri, Sonkuriha : This pond is situated in Vill Barkuriha of Upper Barbhag about 7(seven) kms south of Nalbari. It is said to had been dug by Gangadhar, a Brahmin. Each year, at Ashok Astami a mela is held here and devotees throng here from different parts of the country to pay homages to departed souls. The name of King Fengua, is associated with this tanks whose capital Subarna Koriwa or SonKuriha was nearby.

Mahmara Pukhuri, Chandkuchi : Another pond dug by the Ahoms. It was said to have been constructed with the sacrifice of a buffalo to remove the problem of water scarcity in the area and hence the name Mahmara Pukhuri.

Fenguwa Rampart(Fenguwar Ghar) : In 1350-1365 there was a king named Fenguwa. The village Garbhita under Madhya Baska Mouza was his capital to preserve the unity of his kingdom as well as for his own safety he built a rampart which was 3.2 km long and 3-2 broad.

Angradhowa Pukhuri : This tank was built by Fengua Raja. It was said that Queens ornaments were washed with charcoal, so the Pond is known as Angradhowa Pukhuri. It is 62 M x 62M.

Gohain Kamal Ali : The Gohain Kamal Ali, Which runs from Koch Bihar to North Lakhimpur was built during the reign of the Koch King, Naranarayan by his brother Gohai Kamal or Kamal Narayan in 1568 A.D.A marvel in engineering, parts of the road is still seen on border of Paschim Banbhag and Baska Mouza.

Sonkuriha : A place famous for migratory bird. It is a perfect picnic spot during winter season.

  Climate 

The climate of the district is sub-tropical in nature with warm and humid summer followed by cool and dry winter. The average annual rainfall of the district is 2029 mm, which, however, shows spatial and temporal variations. Out of the total rainfall, 66.7% is received during monsoon period (June-September). The pre-monsoon period (March-May) is characterized by unpredictable and erratic rainfall (26.1%) resulting in delayed sowing/planting of crops. The winter (December-February) is virtually dry with 2.15% rainfall resulting in low coverage and poor yield of Rabi crops. The post monsoon period (October-November) is unpredictable with low rainfall (5.10%).