Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nalbari

KVK Nalbari

Success Stories (with action photographs)

A.  Area expansion under Toria variety TS-36
toria success

Toria is the most important oilseed crop grown by the farmers of Nalbari district. The present area under Toria is 6851 ha with an annual production of 3826 tons. However, the average productivity of Toria is about 5-6 q/ha, which is considerably low. TS-36 is newly developed toria variety with high yield potential and higher oil content as well. The total deficit of mustard oil in Nalbari district is 9.96 tons as against the total requirement of 12.56 tons. Keepin the fact in mind and realizing the importance of quality toria seed, KVK Nalbari had been implementing several Front Line Demonstrations, training programmes, farmer-scientist interactions etc. to popularize the variety TS-36  with financial support from ICAR, under the programme -demonstration of Oil seeds and pulses since 2005. Having seen the result yielded by such programmes and to mitigate the deficiency of oil seed in the district, KVK, Nalbari under the programme ‘Technology Showcasing’ has launched a large block demonstration of the variety TS-36 with an aim of producing foundation seed covering an area of 75 ha. And, as such the longitudinal effort of the KVK has become instrumental in expansion of area under of Toria variety TS-36. The entire process of expansion has shown a considerable elevation in the income level of the participating farmers up to 15-20 per cent.
A summarized picture of the increasing popularity of the variety TS-36 is reflected in the table below.

Year

Area (ha)

Productivity (q/ha)

2006-07

08

8.10

2007-08

25

8.50

2008-09

75

8.20

2009-10

240

8.90

2010-11

552

7.80

2011-12

2012

8.20

2012-13

5000

8.3

 

successB.  Seed Replacement through Technology Showcasing

 A major hindrance in increasing the production and productivity of crops in Nalbari district has been the inadequacy of quality seeds and planting materials with the farmers. In Nalbari district total area under winter rice cultivation is 67000 ha, of which area under variety Ranjit is 30150 ha. This is almost 45 per cent of total area under winter rice cultivation. But like in case of other crops, quality seed for Ranjit is also not available with the farmers. Realizing the scenario, KVK Nalbari had launched an ambitious programme, christened ‘Technology Showcasing’, during Kharif 2010 with financial support and guidance from Assam Agricultural University. Under the programme, KVK Nalbari took up an area of 100 ha for certified seed production cum demonstration of HYV winter rice variety Ranjit, from foundation seeds sourced from Assam Agricultural University. During the first year of its implementation the total yield from the entire programme was 500 tons which is almost 40 per cent of total seed requirement. In the first phase, the programme was implemented in three locations of the district by organizing and training three farmers groups. For implementing the programme, all required inputs and technical expertise was provided by KVK Nalbari. Owing to the positive and successful results of the seed production of Sali rice variety Ranjit the same have been conducted for seed production ofRapeseed Var. TS-36 and Ahu rice Var. Luit. In the year 2011-12 KVK, Nalbari with all necessary support from Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat started the second phase of Technology Showcasing in order to fulfill the seed requirement for Ranjit. Conscious attempt was made to expand the numbers of villages and farmers so that maximum numbers of farmers can be benefitted. In this year too, the total area under the programme was 100 ha, covering 9 villages and 207 farmers. Total yield this year was 500 tons. The total yield of Ranjit from both the phases in successive years was around 1000 ton, which is almost 80 Per cent of total seed requirement. Moreover there has been horizontal spread from the first phase of seed production programme.  It is a grand success on the part of the KVK, Nalbari and of the participating farmers that the district is almost self sufficient in quality seed for Ranjit. The use of quality ranjit seed elevates the production of rice up to 20 to 25 per cent per unit area which is one of the leading factors in becoming the district self sufficient in rice production. The implementation of the seed production programme under Technology Showcasing has made the district self sufficient Moreover, the different activities under technology showcasing programme and the programme technology showcasing as a whole has brought a positive impact on the knowledge and income level of the participating farmers. The technology showcasing programme has brought a considerable visibility of the KVK in the district. With such positive picture of the KVK activities it is now easy on the part of the KVK to work for adoption of any new technology by the farmers.

C.Treadle pump- A low cost, environment friendly irrigation initiative

A low cost minor irrigation technology ‘treadle pump’ has been installed at four villages of Nalbaritreadle district on experimental basis. The technology has brought a ray of hope to the small and marginal farmers of the distrcit. The treadle pump, the minor irrigation device can irrigate at least  0.26 ha land. It is beneficial especially for those farmers who are engaged in raising vegetables and for those crops which are not grown under submerged condition. The newly introduced foot operated device where bamboo or PVC pipes are used for drawing water quickly from shallow water bodies. It is almost unfeasible for the farmers to use the diesel pump or electric pump due to the high cost involved in it and erratic power supply. Installation of four treadle pump at Balitara, Panigaon and Sariahtoli villages free of cost has drawn the attention of many farmers. The media coverage of this small and environment friendly device could attract the attention of the farmers of different district as well. The farmers who has been using such treadle pump installed  by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nalbari under the All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) have expressed their immense pleasure over the performance of the treadle pump. All the farmers who are using the treadle pump expressed that the productivity of the crop grown has elevated to a very satisfactory level. Many farmers who came to know about treadle pump are showing keen interest to install such pumps in their own fields. It is experienced that the treadle pump is very much environment friendly and can be operated by women and children at leisure time.

D. Success story of Commercial Floriculture

p kalita Floriculture despite having great demand in the State, the farmers of Nalbari district was unaware of the scope and potential for providing livelihood security to the farmers. In order to popularize floriculture in the district, KVK, Nalbari started cultivation of tuberose through Mr. Pankaj Kalita of village Balitara in an initial area of 0.026 ha.KVK Nalbari also installed a treadle pump free of cost to irrigate his plot. In the year 2010 Mr. Kalita has earned Rs.60,000 from that small piece of land. Realizing the profuse income per unit area from flower cultivation, Mr. Kalita had extend his area to 0.5 ha in the year 2012 incorporating few other flower crops like gerbera, gladiolus etc. He is now earning Rs.3,50,000.00 per year from selling of tuberose and gerbera flowers and planting materials. Trader from Guwahati are engaged continuously in lifting flower from the village Balitara.The success story of Mr. Kalita in flower cultivation has made revolutionary change in the outlook of the rural youth of the district and more than 15 nos of farmers and youth are coming forward to adopt commercial cultivation of flowers for livelihood security and entrepreneurship development. Balita is now become a commercial flower village in the district.